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Inst.f.Chromatography

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or in VIOLET (for TLC / HPTLC related questions).
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3-Phases-Chromatography
µ-bottels   Making a µ-PLC instr.
µ-brushes, number and volume - click 10
µ-brush models   Making a µ-PLC instr.
µ-PLC chamber, virtual - click 1
AMD technique - click 38
Balaton Chromatography Conference 2005 - paper on ‘Circular Micro PLC will come ?’ Click here
Balaton Chromatography Conference 2007 - paper on ‘Focussing in PLC’ Click here
Balaton Chromatography Conference 2009 - paper on ‘Structure Reduction in PLC’ Click here
Basel-2011-International Symposium HPTLC 2011 - paper on ‘µ-PLC to detect falsified fruit
   preservation
Brush sampling - click 9 11
Camera   Making a µ-PLC instr.
Check integration borders - click 28
Circle focussing into a bow - click 9
Classical standard HPTLC instrumentation - click 1
Cleaning the HPTLC plate - click 2
Comparability in quantitation - click 39
Compare analysis - click 33  35 40
Comparing linear / circular TLC separation over time - click 2 3 4 5 6 7 
Complete µ-PLC instrument micro PLC
Correction factor - click 49 
Correction of sampling errors - click 15 16 17
Cover glass plate - click 20 21
Detection optimization - click 42
Digital camera   Making a µ-PLC instr.
Drying the focussed samples - click 14
Drying error - click
Error in PLC’s - The MAIN error is caused by residual sample solvent prior to the final run:
     click onto ‘Main errors..’ in the selection bar left side.
Falsified fruit preservation, medical products falsification checked by µ-PLC
Femto gram quantitation in HPTLC - click 57
Flush gas for drying the plate - click 14
Fluorescence detection - click 32
Focussing a circle into a bow - click 9
Focussing fundamentals - click 9
Focussing precision - click 11
Front position error in PLC - click 35
Fruit chemical test by µ-PLC
Glass cover plate   Making a µ-PLC instr.
Gas pump   Making a µ-PLC instr.
German version of µ-PLC instruction
Gradient scanning problems in linear HPTLC TLC -click 41 
Graphics software   Making a µ-PLC instr.
Halpaap mobile phase table - click 19
Heat Field µ-PLC, preliminary result, click onto ‘Main errors..’ in the selection bar left side.
Hot PLC - click 39
HPLC and PLC - click 13 14 40 
HPPLC - click 63 64
HPTLC Symposium Basel 2011
Identification support by over spraying - click 55 
Insert mobile phase into cover glass plate - click 21 
Integration, check borders - click 28 
Integration in µ-PLC: see multi integration
Internal standard for TLC / HPTLC - click 56 
k = ts / tm, ts = residence time in mob.phase, tm = residence time in stat. phase
k in circular TLC - click 27 
k over 100 problem in chromatography and linear PLC - click 36 
k partition coefficient in TLC HPTLC - click 23 
Kappa value of mobile phases - click 19 
Macro sampling - one ml - click 38 
Main Error in PLC’s - residual sample solvent prior the final run: click onto ‘Main errors..’ in the selection bar left side.
Mass sampling - click 37 
Micro brush for problem free sampling - see under µ-brush
Mobile phase bottle - click 3 
Mobile phase bottle concept - click 4 
Mobile phase optimization - click 22 
Mobile phase polarity according to Halpaap - click 19 
Mobile phase selection - click 18 19 
Mobile phase source - click 3 
Mobile phase table - click 19 
Multi focussing
Multi integration, multiple analog data - click 30 
Multi integration, peak overlapping precision - click 23 30 39 
Multi integration, select position - click 24  25  26 
Multi integration, single chromatogram - click 29 
Multi integration, digital track data - click 31 
Multi integration, single analogue track data - click 29 
Multi integration software   Making a µ-PLC instr.
Multi integration, track width - click 26  27 
Multiple sampling - click 13 
Multi scanning circular separations in HPTLC - click 62 
One shot analysis - click 40 
Partition coefficient K in PLC - click 32  33  34 
Permeability of the phase transfer wick, see here
Phase selection (mobile) - click 18  19 
Phase selection (quick) - click 20 
Phase transfer wick   Making a µ-PLC instr.
Photo chamber - click 6 
Photo in between run - click 22 
Pi-value, position of substance line or bow
Plate cleaning - click 2 
Plate preparation TLC - click 8 
Preliminary quantitation
PTFE tube   Making a µ-PLC instr.
Quantitation in TLC / HPTLC - click 46 47 48 49 50 51
Quantitation by bow correction with the Pi-value click HERE
Rf = position substance / position mobile phase front (in linear PLC only)
Rf and time in PLC - click 28 
Rf value and separation - click 24  25  26 
Sample enrichment in TLC - click 15 
Sample solvent, drying off - click 14 
Sample treatment in TLC HPTLC - click 14 
Sampling errors, correction - click 15 16 17 
Sampling, maximized volume - click 37 
Sampling quantities - click 10 
Sampling fundamentals - click 8 
Sampling modes in HPTLC - click 9 
Sampling modes in TLC - click 10 
Sampling modes in TLC / HPTLC - click 11 12  13 
Sampling, systematic errors by plate surface damage - click 10 
Selection of the mobile phase, waters clock - click 21 
Selective summary
Separation modes, classical in TLC, HPTLC - click 17 18 
Sampling, multiple - click 13 
Separation optimization - click 37 
Separation, simultaneous with four mobile phases - click 37 
Sorbfil software, version 2.0 to 2.02 multi integration - click 27 
Space demand for the µ-PLC hardware - click 5 
Standard, internal for quantitation in TLC / HPTLC - click 53 
Starting a µ-PL chromatogram - click 20  21 
Start of phase selection - click 18 
Statistics simple - click 45 
Summary, selective plus some practical hints
Tank based separation in TLC HPTLC - click 17 18 
Temperature and PLC - click 39 
Three Phases Chromatography
Tools to produce a µ-PLC instrument   Making a µ-PLC instr.
Track selection for multi integration - click 24 25 26 27 
Trace analysis - part one, drinking water test - click here .
Traces and number of coexisting substances - click 44 
Trennzahl (separation number) in PLC - click 43 
Quantitation in PLC - click 46  47  48  49  50  51 52  53 
Quantitation formula - click 58  59  60  61  
UV detection - click 33  34 
UV lamp   Making a µ-PLC instr.
Virtual PLC chamber - click 1 
Volume and µ-brush number - click 10 
Waters clock for phase selection - click 21 
Wick interface for clean up - click 7
Working board   Making a µ-PLC instr.

[Home] [Introduction] [Contents] [µ-PLC pictograms] [Multi Integration] [µ-PLC helps HPTLC] [Main errors in PLC] [Trace anal. by µ-PLC] [TLC HPTLC pictogr.] [Making a µ-PLC  instr.] [PLC literature] [sel. Summary] [Balaton Papers] [Basel-Paper-2011] [3-Phases-Chrom]

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